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Common dental problems and how to prevent them

Dental problems are prevalent. In fact, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 90% of adults in the United States have had at least one cavity. And that’s just the beginning – other dental problems can range from mild to severe.

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is one of the most common dental problems. It occurs when plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, builds up on the teeth and breaks down the enamel. This can lead to cavities, which are holes in the teeth. Tooth decay can be prevented by brushing and flossing regularly and eating a healthy diet.

Brushing and flossing help to remove plaque from the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If plaque is not removed, it can harden and turn into tartar. Tartar is difficult to remove and can cause tooth decay.

Eating a healthy diet helps to prevent tooth decay. Foods high in sugar or starch promote the growth of bacteria in plaque. These bacteria produce acids that can damage the enamel. Foods high in calcium and phosphorus help strengthen the teeth and make them more resistant to decay.

Gum Disease

Gum disease is another common dental problem. It occurs when plaque buildup causes the gums to become inflamed and infected. Gum disease can lead to tooth loss if it is not treated. Gum disease can be prevented by brushing and flossing regularly and visiting the dentist for regular cleanings.

If you have gum disease, your dentist may recommend a deep cleaning to remove the plaque and tartar from your teeth. Deep cleanings are usually done in two visits. During the first visit, the dentist will numb your gums and carefully clean below the gumline. The second visit is typically scheduled for a week later and is used to clean the surfaces of your teeth above the gumline. Gum disease can also be treated with antibiotics or surgery.

Bad Breath

Bad breath, or halitosis, is another common dental problem. It can be caused by poor oral hygiene, certain foods, tobacco use, or medical conditions. Bad breath can be prevented by brushing and flossing regularly, using mouthwash, and avoiding foods that cause bad breath.

If you have bad breath, you can do a few things to help improve it. First, make sure that you are brushing and flossing regularly. This will help to remove any food particles or bacteria that may be causing your bad breath. You may also want to try using a mouthwash to help freshen your breath. If you smoke, quitting smoking can also help to reduce bad breath. Finally, avoiding foods that cause bad breath, such as garlic or onions, can also be helpful. If you still have trouble with bad breath after trying these home remedies, you may need to see your dentist for further treatment.

Dry Mouth

A dry mouth, or xerostomia, is another common dental problem. It occurs when there is not enough saliva in the mouth. A dry mouth can lead to tooth decay and gum disease. A dry mouth can be prevented by drinking plenty of fluids and chewing sugar-free gum or candy. A dry mouth can also be a side effect of some medications. Talk to your dentist or doctor about other options if you are taking a drug that causes dry mouth.

Bad breath, or halitosis, is another common dental problem. It can be caused by food, tobacco products, certain medical conditions, and poor oral hygiene. Bad breath can be prevented by brushing and flossing regularly and using mouthwash. If you have concerns about oral health, make an appointment with your dentist or doctor. They can help you find the cause of your problem and suggest treatment options.

Cracked Teeth

Cracked teeth are another common dental problem. They occur when the teeth are subject to excessive force, such as from biting down on complex objects or grinding them at night. Cracked teeth can be prevented by avoiding complicated things and wearing a mouthguard at night if you grind your teeth. If a tooth is already cracked, it may need to be repaired with a filling, crown, or other dental treatment. If you have a cracked tooth, you may experience pain when you bite down or chew. The pain may also come and go. You may also see a crack in your tooth. If the damage is severe, your tooth may feel loose. If you have any of these symptoms, you should see your dentist as soon as possible.

Treatment for a cracked tooth depends on the severity of the crack. A small gap may only require a filling. A larger aperture may need a crown or other dental treatment to protect the tooth and prevent further damage.


Megan Mobley, DDS, is a dentist in West Lake Hills, TX. She has been practicing dentistry for decades and has helped many patients achieve beautiful, healthy smiles. Dr. Mobley is passionate about providing her patients with the best possible care and takes the time to get to know each of them. When you visit her office, you can expect personalized attention and treatment tailored to your individual needs. Megan Mobley, DDS, is committed to helping her patients attain optimal oral health, and she looks forward to meeting you soon!